World War I Photos: 1916

=== by Bob Sutherland ===

Canadian military photographs of the war in Belgium and France from July to November 1916.

Zoom photos:   40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 120% 140% 160% 180% 200% of screen width.

war13.jpg
Photo: war13.jpg (1064 x 710 pixels), (2128 x 1420 pixels)
Canada Department of National Defence. Library and Archives Canada. PA-000150
Bringing in the dead. France, July 1916. 1st Battle of the Somme.
war08.jpg
Photo: war08.jpg (952 x 702 pixels), (1903 x 1404 pixels)
Canada Department of National Defence. Library and Archives Canada. PA-000811
Battle of Ypres - Scene near the Ypres Salient. Ypres, Belgium, September 1916.

In military terms, a salient is a bulge in the battlefield lines where one army finds itself surrounded on three sides by the enemy. In the case of the Ypres Salient the British, Canadian, French and Belgium armies were attempting to hold and defend the city of Ypres. The German army advanced across Belgium far enough that it surrounded the city on three sides.

war10.jpg
Photo: war10.jpg (953 x 708 pixels), (1906 x 1416 pixels)
Canada Department of National Defence. Library and Archives Canada. PA-000681
Two gas shells exploding near Canadian Lines. October 1916.
war11.jpg
Photo: war11.jpg (952 x 709 pixels), (1904 x 1418 pixels)
Photographer: William Ivor Castle.
Canada Department of National Defence. Library and Archives Canada. PA-000868
The battlefield after a Canadian charge. France, October 1916.

About a day after a person or animal dies gases form and become trapped inside the decomposing body causing it to expand like a balloon. In water dead fish, animals and people float up to the surface belly up because of the gases. In a few days the dead fish, animal or person will sink to the bottom of a lake, ocean, river or swamp after the gases escape from their body. Here you can see that the dead soldiers' bodies have expanded because of the build up of gases.

war15.jpg
Photo: war15.jpg (1076 x 694 pixels), (2152 x 1388 pixels)
Photographer: William Ivor Castle.
Library and Archives Canada. PA-000832
Canadian soldiers returning from trenches during the Battle of the Somme. France, November 1916.